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Isambard Kingdom Brunel’s Dessert Stand, 1845

Isambard Kingdom Brunel’s Dessert Stand, 1845
Dessert Stand: Clive Richards Brunel Collection – By Courtesy of the Trustees of the SS Great Britain Trust and the Brunel Institute.

The Picture

  • This highly decorated dessert stand is part of a set of silver gilt (silver covered in fine gold leaf) tableware, which was given to Isambard Kingdom Brunel by the Great Western Railway (GWR) Company. It was a thank you for all the important work he had done.
  • The set contained three dessert stands, two sideboard dishes, a set of six salt cellars, a set of six spoons and one large centrepiece.
  • The money to have the set specially made was raised through donations from different people, including investors in the GWR. The set was given to Brunel on 17 January 1845.
  • The dessert stand is decorated with three cherubs holding fruit, a small basket and a container pouring liquid on to the floor. The large bowl at the top resembles a pool with water splashing over the edge.
  • It could have stood on the table in the dining room of Brunel’s London home of 18 Duke Street. The room was known as the Shakespeare Room. 
 

The Story

Great Western Railway (GWR)
 
In 1833 Isambard Kingdom Brunel became the Chief Engineer for the newly planned Great Western Railway, despite having no previous experience of building railways. Train travel was becoming more popular in Britain. Railways linked places together and allowed people and goods to travel cheaply and quickly across the country. For Bristol to keep its place as one of the major ports in Britain, the city needed better transport and communication links. Brunel wanted the route from Bristol to London to be as smooth, flat, and fast as possible. 
 
Brunel was personally involved in every part of the railway, including surveying the route on horseback, designing the stations, including the original Bristol Temple Meads, and the trains themselves. He had to design many tunnels and bridges, to make sure that the trains could run quickly along the flattest route possible. Some landowners were not keen to have the GWR going through their land, and it took two attempts to gain permission from Parliament to build the line. 
 
The completed line opened on 30 June 1841 and the first journey, from London to Bristol, took four hours. Since opening, the line has carried billions of passengers and though the trains have changed, the route remains the same.

Continue the Story

The Shakespeare Room
 
Not long before Isambard Kingdom Brunel’s marriage to Mary Horsley in 1836, he bought 18 Duke Street in London to be his family home. In 1848 he purchased the neighbouring 17 Duke Street and combined the two houses together. Just above his ground floor office, Brunel created an elaborately decorated dining room, known as the Shakespeare Room, where he and Mary entertained family, friends, and important people. 
 
Around the room hung nine paintings inspired by scenes from Shakespeare’s plays, alongside mirrors and red velvet curtains. The room also contained a large dining table with fourteen chairs; the silver gilt tableware, including the dessert stand, could have been placed on this table when the Brunels were entertaining. 
 
When wealthy Victorians like Brunel held dinner parties, it was important that the dining room was well decorated to impress guests. The table might hold glasses, plates, and cutlery; beautifully folded napkins; elaborate decorations such as displays of exotic fruit, flowers, or ice sculptures; and dishes containing a wide range of food. Dishes might include roast meats, fish, pies and soups followed by jellies, ice creams and cakes.
 
The Shakespeare Room has been recreated in the Being Brunel museum at Brunel’s SS Great Britain. 
 

Extra Resources

Design a Victorian dessert fit for Brunel’s stand (download and print)

Design your own dessert

Find out “A Bit About Brunel” with this Fact Sheet (download and print)
 
 
Play this fun board game about Brunel’s life and work (download, print, and make) The Nine Lives of Brunel Board Game
 
 

“Discover Brunel in Bristol” with this factsheet (download and print)

 

Watch this short film and find out what food was like on board the SS Great Britain for passengers